LD Self-Advocacy Manual
"We are now going to go chapter by chapter and review just the very most important information that we have discovered on this case."
So, without any further ado... (what is ado, anyway?)...............
Chapter 1 - What is a Learning Disability?
We learned that a learning disability is a difference
in the way your brain "processes" information that causes you to "underachieve"
in school. Certain kinds of information gets stuck or confused while it
goes through your brain so it is hard for you to show teachers how smart
you really are.
Chapter 2 - What Causes a Learning Disability?
We learned that nobody really knows for sure what causes
a learning disability, but the most likely possibilities include:
|Incomplete Brain Programming|
Of these possibilities, heredity seems to be the leading
cause of learning disabilities.
Chapter 3 -Discrepancy = Underachievement
We learned that the term "discrepancy" is often used to
describe how much difficulty you are really having in school. But it turns
out that "discrepancy" is just a fancy word for "underachievement". And
"underachievement" just means that you don't do as well as you could be
doing in school if your learning disability didn't "get in the way".
So discrepancy and underachievement mean that you can't always show people how smart you are in school. And that's one of the most frustrating things about a learning disability, isn't it?
Chapter 4 -Processing: The Key to the Mystery
In chapter 4 we learned how information travels through
your brain. First, information enters your brain through one of your "sensory"
channels, usually visual or auditory, but sometimes other senses (such
as taste, smell and touch) are used. Next, the information goes to the
"cognitive" processing areas where it may be processed either "sequentially"
(organized and filed) or "conceptually" ("big picture" and general concepts).
We also learned that for some LD students it is the speed that the brain
processes information that causes the most trouble. For these students
any kind of information is just processed too slowly! And finally, we learned
that every task requires at least two types of processing (at least one
sensory channel and one cognitive channel). So a problem with either processing
channel could cause a learning difficulty.
Chapter 5 -Using Accommodations to help you learn
In this chapter we learned that you have a natural "learning
preference" which is just opposite of your learning disability. We learned
how you can use your learning preference, along with accommodations so
that your learning disability doesn't cause so much interference in school.
Finally, we learned about things your teachers can do for you and also
some things you can do to help yourself learn better.
Chapter 6 - Other Issues Related to LD
In chapter 6 we learned that LD students often have other issues which add to their difficulties both inside and outside of school. The issues we learned about included:
We also learned that these issues can cause difficulties
with learning and relationships that are just a serious as the difficulties
caused by the learning disability itself. So it is very important to realize
if these are difficult issues for you. If so, the very best thing you can
do for yourself is to be as open and honest as you can be about your learning
disability and any "related problems" you may have. In that way, people
around you will be able to understand and accept your difficulties.
Chapter 7 - Intelligence vs. IQ
Here we learned something extremely important - that IQ scores are not perfect ways of measuring your intelligence. IQ tests can really help to find out about how you process information and where your strengths and weaknesses may be. But when you have a learning disability it is especially hard to measure your real potential. So your IQ score may not be a very good estimate of your real ability. We also learned that there may be many different kinds of intelligence. You could be "gifted" in some areas but struggle in others.
Chapter 8 - Exercising Your Weakness
In chapter 8 we learned that you may be able to improve
your processing weakness by doing certain kinds of activities. The idea
is to force yourself to use your weak processing channel instead of just
finding a way to avoid it. You may be surprised how much your processing
can improve with practice.
Chapter 9 - LD and the Law
We learned about three very important federal laws that protect your rights:
|IDEA makes sure you get the right special education
| Section 504 makes sure you can get appropriate accommodations
for everything else in school
|ADA makes sure you can get appropriate accommodations outside of school, for the rest of your life.|
All of these laws give handicapped people the right to
appropriate accommodations so that their handicap or disability does interfere
so much in their life.
Chapter 10 - Becoming and effective Self-Advocate
In this chapter we learned that it is very important for
you to start advocating for yourself instead of depending upon someone
(like your parents or case manager) to advocate for you. This is especially
important as you go into high school and beyond. Self-advocacy involves
knowing your rights and understanding your learning disability so that
you can ask for the accommodations that you really need. But, to be a good
self-advocate, you need to be willing to accept your disability and not
waste all of your energy hiding it from others.
Chapter 11 - Planning Your Future, High School and beyond
Finally, we started to plan for your future including
high school, after high school, and career. It is very important to always
be thinking about your future so that you can do what is needed to keep
all of your options open. Also, having a future plan can help you stay
motivated, even when school gets difficult. We only scratched the surface.
You will need to continue planning for your future for many years to come.
"I hope you have learned a lot about yourself as we uncovered many of the mysteries of your learning disability."
"Hopefully, the information we have discovered on this case will help you to better understand and cope with your learning disability. But we haven't uncovered all of the clues. There is much of the mystery left for you to continue exploring on your own."
"Right now, I am being summoned back to Scotland Yard to work on yet another mystery. Something about kittens and lost mittens."
"So it is finally time to put my seal of approval on this case... now where did I leave my seal of approval? Ah, there it is!"
"One last thing. Has anyone seen my magnifying glass???????"
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Published with Permission Of Writer: Scott L. Crouse, Ph.D.
LDInfo.com: A website dedicated to the advancement of practical knowledge and understanding about the often mysterious world of Learning Disabilities.
Copyright © 1996 Scott L. Crouse